What Are the Professions That Foreigners Are Not Allowed to Work in Turkey?

In our globalized world, borders between countries are becoming increasingly permeable in the flow of labor. This makes the labour market of many countries, including Turkey, open to new and different skills. ”  What Are the Professions That Foreigners Are Not Allowed to Work in Turkey? ” However, the opportunities for foreign nationals to work in Turkey include some restrictions in certain professions. “What Professions Can Foreigners Not Do in Turkey?” These restrictions are often justified for reasons such as national security, public health, and the protection of local jobs.

For example, foreigners are not allowed to work in some public services, healthcare, and law, which creates certain obstacles for foreign professionals looking for a job in Turkey. The effort to increase the competitiveness of “Turkish Products in the Global Market” shows that the country needs to improve itself in professional fields by giving priority to its own citizens, and in this context, it also explains the logic behind the restrictions on foreign labor. In this article, we will provide a detailed overview of the professions that foreigners cannot work in Turkey and the basics of these restrictions.

Turkey, with its strategic location and dynamic economy, attracts many foreign employees and professionals from around the world. However, there are certain limitations on the professions that foreigners can work in Turkey. At the beginning of these limitations are the professions that will work in the public sector. For example, foreign nationals are prohibited from working in public service positions such as police, military, judge, notary public. At the same time, there are some restrictions for foreigners in the health and education sectors; Various proficiency tests and permit processes are implemented for doctors and teachers.

In addition to these restrictions, some positive steps are being taken for foreigners to acquire a profession in Turkey. In particular, more opportunities are given for foreign experts to work in areas such as technology, engineering and information technology. This plays an important role in increasing the innovation and competitiveness capacity of “Turkish Products in the Global Market”. The international experience and knowledge brought by foreign professionals contribute to Turkey’s stronger position in the global market.

Yine de, yabancı çalışanların Türkiye’de meslek seçimleri yaparken, hem mevcut kısıtlamaları hem de olası fırsatları dikkatlice değerlendirmeleri gerekmektedir. Bu, hem kariyer hedeflerine ulaşmalarına yardımcı olacak hem de Türkiye’nin sosyo-ekonomik yapısına uyum sağlamalarını kolaylaştıracaktır.

 

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What are the Professions That Foreigners Cannot Do in Turkey?

Turkey attracts many foreign workers with its cultural richness, strategic location, and economic potential. However, there are certain limitations on the professions that foreign nationals can work in Turkey. These restrictions are primarily based on a variety of reasons, including national security, public order, public health, and the protection of the local workforce. Here is a review of the professions that foreigners cannot do in Turkey and the main reasons for these restrictions:

 

Public Services and Security-Related Occupations

Foreign nationals are prohibited from working in professional groups that provide public services such as the Turkish Armed Forces, law enforcement, judicial organs, and notary public. This restriction is aimed at protecting national security and public order. In addition, it is not possible to employ foreign nationals in tasks related to public administration.

 

Health and Education Sectors

There are also certain restrictions for foreigners in the health and education sectors. In order to work in health professions such as doctors, nurses and pharmacists, it is necessary to have a valid license in Turkey, and in some cases, it is obligatory to pass professional equivalency exams. Similarly in the teaching profession, special permits and qualification documents are required for foreigners to work.

 

Self-Employed Ownership

Among the self-employed such as lawyers, engineers, and architecture, there are some restrictions for foreign nationals to work. The legal profession, in particular, is one of the professions with the strictest restrictions for foreign nationals. In order to work in these professions, there is an obligation to register with the relevant professional chambers and to meet the professional qualification requirements in Turkey.

 

Working as a Self-Employed Person

It is generally possible for foreigners to work as self-employed, but there are still restrictions in some areas. This is especially true for professions that require a license or special permit. In addition, the permits and procedures required for the work of foreign self-employed persons may differ from profession to profession.

 

Turkish Products in the Global Market

Despite the work restrictions of foreigners, efforts are underway to attract the international workforce in the fields of technology, science and innovation in order to increase Turkey’s competitiveness in the field of “Turkish Products in the Global Market”. Foreign experts working in this field can strengthen Turkey’s position in the global market by increasing its innovation capacity.

These restrictions, which foreign employees face when choosing a profession in Turkey, have been determined within the framework of both legal regulations and professional standards. The main purpose of these restrictions is to protect national interests and keep the local labor market in balance. However, in order to increase the competitiveness of the Turkish economy at the global level and to become an effective player in the global labor market, it is also important to develop policies for the integration of foreign professionals.

 

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What Are the Professions That Foreigners Are Not Allowed to Work in Turkey?

Occupations in which foreign nationals are not allowed to work in Turkey are generally limited for reasons such as national security, public health, and the protection of the local workforce. Here are some of these professions:

Public Officials: Foreigners cannot work in civil servant positions. This includes positions that provide public service, such as police, military, judge, prosecutor, etc.

Notary: In  order to work as a notary public in Turkey, it is necessary to be a Turkish citizen.

Advocacy: Foreign nationals are prohibited from practicing law in Turkey. In order to be admitted to the profession of lawyer, it is required to be a Turkish citizen.

Pharmacy: The right to open and operate pharmacies belongs only to Turkish citizens.

Customs Consultancy: It is  necessary to be a Turkish citizen in order to work in this field.

Private Security: Foreign nationals are not allowed to work as private security guards.

Maritime: Turkish citizenship is required for some positions in the maritime field, such as captain or seafarer.

Some Health Professions: Some health professions, such as doctors and nurses, may require special permits and professional recognition requirements for foreigners to work, but they are not directly prohibited. However, some positions in the healthcare sector are only open to Turkish citizens.

Teaching: It  is generally necessary to be a Turkish citizen in order to teach in public schools, but foreign teachers can work in private schools and universities.

There are various legal regulations and procedures for foreigners to obtain a work permit and work in Turkey. These procedures may vary depending on the profession and the status of the individual. In addition, foreign nationals may need to obtain a certificate of professional equivalence in Turkey in order to work in some professions. For this reason, it is important for foreign nationals who are considering working in Turkey to research the legal requirements and procedures applicable to their targeted profession in advance.

 

What are the Conditions for Foreigners to Obtain a Work Permit in Turkey?

There are some basic requirements that foreigners must meet in order to obtain a work permit in Turkey. These conditions are determined within the framework of the laws and regulations regulating Turkey’s labor market. Here are the requirements for foreigners to obtain a work permit in Turkey:

A Valid Passport or Travel Document: In order for foreigners to apply for a work permit, they must have a valid passport or travel document issued to those under international protection.

Employer’s Application: A work permit  in Turkey is usually processed with an application made by the employer. The employer must submit a work permit request for the foreigner to the relevant ministry in Turkey (Ministry of Labor, Social Services and Family).

Professional Qualification and Equivalence: For some professions, foreign employees may be required to prove their professional qualifications or the equivalence of their diplomas. It is mandatory to obtain a certificate of professional equivalence, especially in areas such as health, education and engineering.

Social Security Obligations: The foreign employee must  be included in the social security system in Turkey. The employer must pay social security contributions on behalf of the foreign employee.

Health Insurance: In order for foreign employees to obtain a work permit in Turkey, they must have a valid health insurance. This insurance must be valid for the duration of the foreigner’s employment in Turkey.

Criminal Record: In some cases, the foreign employee may be required to prove that they have a clean criminal record.

Additional Requirements for Private Sector Employees: For foreigners who will work in the private sector, there may be additional conditions determined by the employer in accordance with the requirements of economic activity in Turkey.

Residence Permit in Turkey: Before applying for a work permit, foreigners must have a valid residence permit. In some cases, a residence permit application can be made along with the work permit application.

These conditions have been put in place to ensure the integration of foreign employees into the labor market in Turkey and to protect the rights of both the employee and the employer. Every foreign employee and employer are required to carefully review and fulfill these conditions during the work permit process.

 

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